RAFT, is often used as a writing stragey, but can be stretched for any creative endeavor. RAFT i helps students understand their roles as Writers, the Audience they will address, the varied formats for Writing (or creative format), and the Topic they'll be writing about. RAFT encourage students to think creatively, to consider different perspectives, and to gain practice writing for different audiences and effective communication.
Why use RAFT?
It includes writing from different viewpoints.
It helps students learn important writing skills such as audience, main idea, and organization.
It teaches students to think creatively about writing by responding to the following prompts:
Role of the Writer: Who or what are you as the writer? A pilgrim? A soldier? The President?
Audience: To whom are you writing? A friend? Your teacher? Readers of a newspaper?
Format: In what format are you writing? A letter? A poem? A speech?
Topic and strong verb: What are you writing about? Why? What's the subject or the point?
It can be used across various content areas
In this lesson, which uses a RAFT approach to for students to self-assign an end-of-lesson project, you'll notice a Learning Contract which allows each student to clearly state their objectives. Learning Contracts are very useful as a type of roadmap leading into a project so that students have the opportunity to think through their processes, and write them out. This also allows the instructor an opportunity to review the students through processes and, if needed, allows the students to delve deeper all before time and resources have been used up in a misdirected project. Students can self-check and self-assess their progress based on the RAFT and the Learning Contract.
A third guiding element, a Rubric, is included in the assignment. Rubrics are also useful for students to self-assess their progress along the way (a type of formative assessment) as opposed to only being used as a grading too by teachers at the end after a project has been submitted.
RAFT, Learning Contracts and Rubrics are all very useful in allowing students to self-assign, self-assess and self-motivate which help grow students who are independent, confident and self-propelled learners.
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